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How To Make An Electric Scooter Faster

20 July 2021
20 July 2021


Let’s face it, most of us who buy an electric scooter secretly love the thrill of speed. But, we quickly become complacent with how fast our scooters are and we start to think – how can we get more speed from our scooter?


The question is – CAN we get anymore from our electric scooters? The subject of getting your scooter to go faster is likely to be met with “can” your scooter go faster – and, that will depend on the make and model of what you already have.

I write this simply because, some scooters are easy to hack to get them to unlock that extra bit of speed, whereas some scooters simply cannot be made to go faster.

Making your scooter go quicker can be done in a number of ways, some of them quick, easy and achievable by anyone (without technical knowhow) and some that may require an element of “geek” or expertise in electronics when it comes to batteries and controllers. In this short punchy article, we look at some nifty ways you can get more speed and power from your scooter. 


Can your scooter be made to go faster?

Depositphotos 421036558 xl 2015small

The question is important – if your scooter simply isn’t capable then your options will be majorly limited to things such as shedding weight and increasing tyre pressure.

So how can you find out whether or not your scooter is “hackable” ?

Well, firstly some things you can check

More Speed Hack Capable


tickicon You can access the controllers

tickicon The controllers are removable

tickicon The battery pack is accessible

tickicon Motors are hub-based

tickicon Wheels are pneumatic


Less Speed Hackable


red Chain driven / single motor

red Motor is brushed

red Inaccessible controller

red No control panel / firmware accessibility

red Inaccessible battery pack

red SLA (sealed lead acid batteries) 

Most scooters can be made to go faster, but, how many speed hacks are available really depend on whether or not you can access the scooters controllers / firmware and whether or not there is the ability to change controllers or put in another battery.

Some scooter enthusiasts have even been able to swap out hub motors but you’ll really need a good level of know-how to find motors that fit and have the right power rating for the battery and controller.

Set it to the highest speed mode

Before you delve into the more intricate adjustments, it’s crucial to ensure you’re utilising the scooter’s built-in settings to their fullest potential.

Most electric scooters come equipped with three modes: Eco, Standard, and Sport. Eco mode focuses on conserving battery life, offering the lowest speed setting. Standard mode finds a happy medium, providing a balance between speed and battery efficiency, perfect for everyday use. Then there’s Sport mode, which unleashes your scooter’s maximum speed.

In many cases, changing the speed mode on your electric scooter can be done in a few simple steps. This might involve pressing a dedicated mode button, quickly clicking the power button a specific number of times, adjusting the ‘P’ settin

Electric Scooter Speed Hack 1 – Remove speed limiting cable/firmware

Limiter 1cable

Surprisingly, more than 40% of scooters sold globally in 2020 into 2021 were limited with a speed limiter. This is done so that scooters can be sold in certain geographic regions legally.

For example, the maximum speed a scooter can travel in France is 15.5mph, this is the same speed permitted by escooters in the United Kingdom under the rental scheme.

Various countries have different speed limits – it is this reason that scooter manufacturers often ship their models with limiters on them.

There are 2 types of speed limiter on any electric scooter (made to regulation) and these are:


This is usually a wire that bridges a connection between the throttle and controller, limiting the controller’s power output to the motors. Various scooter models have different implementations, but most manufacturers make it relatively easy to remove the wire (via a clip or plug). When unplugged, this will remove all power limitations from the controller, thereby unlocking extra power/speed.

Note: In some cases, the speed limiter may be in the form of a looped wire, often white or blue, on the controller. To deactivate this limiter and unlock the scooter’s maximum speed, this looped wire needs to be cut. However, it’s crucial to consult the scooter’s manual or look up online resources to identify the correct speed limiter wire before proceeding with any modifications.


The firmware speed limiter will usually be implemented at a control panel level, but, some scooters also have firmware limiting in the controller. This can get a little more complex.

Firmware speed limiters use the control panel / LCD panel / controllers software to limit power output.

On some scooters with common LCD control panels you’ll be able to access speed and power output settings through “P SETTINGS”, on other LCD panels such as the one that ships with the XIAOMI M365 you’ll have to connect over the APP interface (bluetooth) to push a rom flash that directly updates the scooters firmware.

Many electric scooters have speed limiting on them making them legal for sale – different countries have different rules and regulations around speed.

scooter display speed limiter

Removing your electric scooters speed limiting wire or firmware/software will allow you to unlock full motor/controller potential.  MOST electric scooters below £500-£1000 (ones that use very basic LCD panels) are more likely to be unlockable via software flashing over bluetooth apps.

Larger / more powerful scooters that use the generic colour LCD displays (pictured above) typically limit power using P Settings

One of the most popular LCD Displays is the LT01 / QS-S4 LCD Throttle which has a plethora of built-in settings.

The most common P Settings associated with power limiting are P8 (Motor Power) and P12 (Acceleration Speed).

Upgrade Your Scooters Speed Controllers

scooter speed controller

Aside from your scooter’s motors, your speed controller can also be a limiting factor.

Often known as an “ESC” or electronic speed controller,  these devices are responsible for power management as well as power distribution to your scooter’s motor. They operate on a basic I/O system—they interpret the rider’s throttle input to establish the power requirements and then modulate the electrical power sent to the motors accordingly, ensuring the scooter’s speed and performance align with the throttle’s current position.

So if you have an electric scooter with a small, low amp, or weak current controller, the power output to the motors will often be less than what the motor can handle. Therefore, to unlock more speed from your scooter, you may need to swap out your controller for an aftermarket or custom controller.

Googling your make of scooter along with “custom controller” or “uprated controller” might yield ideal off-the-shelf controller options. However, it’s important to ensure that the controller you select is compatible with your scooter’s existing components. It needs to be capable of handling the peak voltage of your battery pack and should have a current limit that matches your motor’s requirements. The good thing is that some of these controllers are programmable, allowing for fine-tuning to achieve optimal performance and compatibility with your scooter.

However, be cautioned that using a custom controller is likely to void your scooter’s warranty and could potentially harm the battery.

To summarise, when selecting a new controller, you should ensure that it:

  • Can handle the peak voltage of your battery. Using a battery with a voltage higher than what the controller is designed for can cause the controller to fail and overheat. Conversely, a battery with too low a voltage may prevent the controller from operating effectively or at all.
  • Is rated for a current that is the same as or lower than that of the battery. If the controller draws MORE current than the battery can support, it could damage the battery. Additionally, the battery should be capable of handling a higher current than the motor requires.

Shunt mod electric scooter for more amps

If dropping £30-100 on a new electric scooter controller feels like a stretch, and you’re the type who embraces a bit of risk, have some time to spare, and possess a firm understanding of electronics and the specific ESC and motor system you’re working with, then this method could be right for you.

For this procedure, you need to open up your controller and access its internal circuit board.

Look for the controller’s shunt; it should closely resemble the picture shared below. The shunt plays a crucial role in measuring the current flowing to the motor, allowing the ESC to adjust the MOSFETs’ on/off timing based on the throttle input to deliver the correct current to the motor.


With a soldering iron, bridge the shunt’s two pins by increasing the solder’s thickness. This delicate procedure involves adding just enough solder to enhance connectivity without overdoing it, as an excessive amount might fry the controller.

By modifying the shunt, you’re essentially tricking the ESC into pulling more power from the battery by making it think it’s receiving less amperage than it’s supposed to. Consequently, this allows a higher current to reach the motor than initially intended, potentially unlocking greater speeds or torque.

But as usual, any modifications done to the controller come with the risk of voiding the warrant and a significant chance of damaging the controller or even the motor and battery due to operating beyond their recommended parameters.

Unfortunately, you’re still not done. With the controller drawing more current, it’s critical to check and possibly upgrade the wiring to ensure it can handle the increased load. Most importantly, check the thickness of the wires leading into the controller and to the motor, and replace the thinner wires with thicker ones to reduce resistance and prevent overheating.

Also, there will be an increase in heat in the whole setup as the MOSFETs will heat up more and faster, so you need to add some heat sinks or cooling material over and inside the controller frame to dissipate this additional heat.

Change your Scooters Battery & Running Voltage

lithium battery cells close up

Simply swapping out your electric scooter’s battery for a new one of the same specifications won’t be enough to achieve that extra mph/ km/h you’re seeking. This approach doesn’t change the key factors of Voltage and Current, which are crucial for enhancing performance. 

You might only notice a difference if your current e-scooter battery is totally worn out, in which case the battery will suffer so much “sag” that the controllers won’t have enough power to feed the motors, thus resulting in a diminished top speed.

To truly boost your scooter’s speed, you should opt for a battery with a higher voltage than your current setup. Battery/ system voltage is one of the biggest factors in dictating top speed–a 72v scooter will be able to go much faster than say a 48v or 36v scooter. The more voltage, the faster the current can travel, ultimately allowing the hub motors to spin faster, giving you (you guessed it) a much higher top speed.

But also don’t get caught in the trap of thinking a straightforward battery voltage upgrade will do the trick. It’s a bit more complex than that, requiring a collaborative upgrade of the battery and the controller, and possibly even the motor. A proven method to increase your scooter’s top speed involves upgrading your scooter’s battery to a higher voltage and replacing the controller with one that can handle the increased voltage.

Your scooter’s deck must also have enough space to accommodate both the new battery and controller. Typically, a higher voltage battery will not only have a larger capacity (Wh/ Ah) but will also be physically larger. Therefore, you’ll need to ensure that the dimensions of your scooter’s deck are sufficient to house a bigger battery and controller.

Finally, consider the capabilities of your scooter’s motor(s). While many scooter motors can tolerate some level of over-volting, some will require modifications, such as upgraded windings, to safely and effectively operate at higher voltages.

Increasing your scooters system voltage – sometimes called overvolting is a great way to significantly increase top speed
Scooter Price RangePricesTypical
Typical Battery
Top Speeds
Real World
Budget£100 - £500 ($140 - $700)18v-24v5-10ah8-15 mph (12-24 km/h)5-15 miles
Medium£500 - £1000 ($700 - $1400)24v-48v10-20ah25-40 mph (40-64 km/h)15-25 miles
High£1000 - £3000 ($1400 - $4200)48-60v20-35ah40-50 mph (64-80km/h)25-40 miles
Very High£3000 - £6000 ($4200 - $8500)60v-96v30-50ah50-70 mph (80-110km/h)40-60 miles

Above is a basic summary of scooter voltages and typical associated speeds.

Increase Tyre Pressure

IMG 4780 ▒α╝¡ ┐╜▒┤ scaled 1

It sounds like the most ridiculous thing – but it’s actually very effective. Increasing tyre pressure decreases rolling resistance – this means LESS of the tyre is in contact with the floor – meaning less resistance for the motors to deal with.

Increasing your tyre pressure to the maximum PSI can increase speed efficiency by as much as 15-20%.

This means you could, in theory add another 3-5mph to your top speed just by increasing pressure.

It’s also key to understand that your tyre type will also be an impacting factor – for example, flatter tyres or off road tyres are generally bigger, heavier and increase resistance, whilst on road / racing tyres and narrow tread road tyres will have a thinner surface profile for the main part of the tyre.

Knobbly / Off Road tyres are less effective on road – so just changing your tyres could make all the difference.

Unfortunately, those of you with solid tyres will have little choice – with these kinds of wheels, the solid rubber is actually already very efficient – meaning you won’t find any tricks here to coax a few mph.

Generally only low performance / little portable commuter scooters sport solid rubber tyres.


Ultimately, Consider Changing Tyre and Increasing PSI to Unlock More Speed


If your scooter sports pneumatic (air filled) tyres then consider on road tyres over off road tyres – you’ll have a narrower surface contact profile – it’s also not uncommon to find higher PSI capabilities for road tyres. Off road tyres tend to have a wider surface contact area to make them more grippy off road.



    Rewind Your Motors / Hub Motors

    hub motor

    This is another – more complex/challenging task. To be fair, very few will have the expertise to be able to rewind a hub motor – but, as with most things, there are usually members of communities who can help. There will also likely be places you can send your hub motors off to for rewinding, saving you the headache.

    Rewinding your hub motors will allow for a higher power capability – thus increasing how fast the motor can spin and how fast your electric scooter can go.

    To put it into context, increasing the number of windings in your hub motor by 50% can increase speed as much as 75% – but obviously to really benefit from a hub motor winding upgrade, you’d ideally upgrade your battery and controllers to support a higher voltage.

    Summary: How to make an electric scooter faster

    The most straightforward method for increasing your scooter’s speed is to remove any speed-limiting mechanisms it has. This can be achieved by changing the current speed mode (it might be set to a lower mode) or removing the speed limiter (physical or firmware) that most electric scooters come with. With high-end electric scooters, you will probably have to do both–removing the physical limiter and modifying the firmware, too. Another simple trick is to increase tire pressure to reduce rolling friction, thereby increasing speed.

    Stripping weight from the scooter to make it faster is out of the question since an electric scooter doesn’t even have much weight or parts that you can shed without compromising its integrity or functionality.

    Beyond these approaches, the only way to add speed to a low-power scooter with a basic controller is by replacing or modifying the internal components. Generally, choosing to replace these parts is simpler. This would involve getting a controller with a higher amp rating, a battery of higher voltage equipped with a superior BMS, and a motor rated for higher power. At this point, it might be cheaper to just buy a faster scooter. However, you can make it more affordable by looking for second-hand parts harvested from other electric scooters on eBay.

    Before replacing the parts, look at the maximum working parameters for the various components. Some controllers can typically handle a higher voltage, while all motors can handle a higher power than they are rated for. If they can handle the additional voltage and power, then you can start by changing the battery to a larger one that can supply their max operational limits. However, operating them at their limits can reduce their lifespan and increase the risk of overheating and damage. Upgrading the battery also means adjusting your charging setup, possibly necessitating a new charger.

    It’s also important to note that such modifications will invariably void any existing warranty. Therefore, if your scooter is brand new, you might want to consider keeping it in its original state, possibly as a backup option, and instead opt for a faster model.

    If acquiring new parts isn’t viable, you could modify what you have. This may involve carrying out a shunt mod on your controller to make it draw more current from the battery and supply more current to the motor. The motor can most probably handle the additional power but can be made to handle even more by removing the old winding and replacing it with new and more windings. Note that rewinding a motor can cost 30 to 50% of the price of a new motor, so it might be more sensible to purchase a new one if the cost is prohibitive.

    Overall, achieving a significant speed jump, for instance, going from 20 km/h to 60 km/h, with a scooter powered by a 36V battery and a 350W motor, is ambitious using standard tweaks and component modifications; you might only realistically see a modest increase of 5-10 km/h. However, through the replacement of parts, reaching the speed you desire is possible but also requires careful consideration. Entry-level scooters are not engineered for high-velocity travel. From the tires (some with solid and tiny tires <10 inches) to the frame itself, the components may not withstand significant speed increases without posing safety risks. Hence, unless you’re upgrading an already fast scooter, moderation is key.

    A final nugget of wisdom? Next time, aim high with the specs. Get a scooter that’s more machine than you think you need. They’re equipped with speed modes for a reason, giving you the option to dial it back when you need to. Also, buy an electric scooter that is within your weight limit to get the most out of the components without stressing them out.

    danp d
    Daniel Foley


    Daniel is an avid scooter fan who has owned and tested over 50 different scooters. Part time scooter enthusiast & part time SEO specialist.  Daniels favourite scooter is the Dualtron Thunder.